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Normal Values
Etiology and Clinical Manifestations
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Case Studies
Case Study 1
Case Study 2
Case Study 3
Case Study 4
Case Study 5
Case Study 6
Case Study 7
Case Study 8 <<
Case Study 9
References
Quick Reference

    Metabolic Acidosis
    Clinical Manifestations
    • hyperkalemia: shift of acid to ICF and K+ to the ECF
    • anorexia, nausea, and vomiting
    • warm, flushed skin
    • cardiac dysrhythmias & CNS dysfunction
    • headache, diarrhea, tremors


    Metabolic Alkalosis
    Clinical Manifestations
    • cardia dysrhythmias; seizures; confusion; muscle twitching, agitation
    • >pH;>HC03; normal PaCo2 or elevated if compensation occurs


    Respiratory Acidosis
    Clinical Manifestations
    • > PaCo2; HCO3 is normal or > with renal compensation
    • vasodilatation; cardiac dysrhythmias, tachycardia, somnolence, decreased ventilation


    Respiratory Alkalosis
    Clinical Manifestations
    • > pH; < PaC02; HCO3 normal or low due to compensation
    • nausea, vomiting, tingling of fingers
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Case Studies :: Case Study 8

    An elderly gentleman is seen in the emergency department at a community hospital. He admits to taking many tablets of aspirin (salicylates) over the last 24-hour period because of a severe headache. He complains of an inability to urinate. His vital signs are: Temp = 98.5; apical pulse = 92; respiration = 30 and deep.
    Which primary acid-base imbalance is the gentleman at risk for if medical attention is not provided?





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